Kathmandu is a city located in the northern region of Nepal and is the capital of both the country's Kapilvastu District and the province of Lalitpur. Kathmandu is known as the 'city of temples' due to its numerous religious sites and historical monuments. The city is situated at an average elevation of 1,600 meters above sea level. Kathmandu is a major tourist destination with many travellers visiting the city each year.
The city was founded around 1200 BC and became the capital of the Kingdom of Malla in the 14th century. In 1769 AD, after being ruled by the Gorkhali Kings, it was annexed by Prithvi Narayan Shah. After the fall of the Rana dynasty in 1951, the city came under the direct rule of the central government. In 2008, Kathmandu was named the Cultural Capital of Asia by UNESCO.
Why is Kathmandu so famous?
Kathmandu is a city located in the eastern region of Nepal. Kathmandu is known for its rich beautiful culture and heritage. Kathmandu was founded around 600 BC and has been inhabited since then. It is the capital of the country and is considered to be the largest metropolitan city in South Asia. Kathmandu is well-known for its religious significance as well as its cultural importance. There are many temples, monasteries, shrines, museums, and galleries in Kathmandu. Many people visit Kathmandu just to experience its culture and history.
The name Kathmandu comes from two words: katam (meaning "holy") and mandala ("city"). Kathmandu is the centre of Hinduism in Nepal. Most of the population here follows Hinduism. Buddhism is also widely practised throughout the country. According to the legend, Kathmandu got its name after the goddess Kali's son Manjushree came down from Mount Kailash to establish his kingdom. He built a palace called 'Mandala' and named the place after himself.
Kathmandu lies at an altitude of 1,600 meters above sea level. In winter, the weather in Kathmandu can get very cold. During the winter months, the average low temperatures are around 0°C (32°F). But the summers are warm, with an average high temperature of 20°C (68°F). Between June to September is the rainy season for monsoon lovers. Rainfall occurs mainly during these months.
Kathmandu is home to many historical monuments and sites. These include Durbar Square, Swayambhunath Stupa, Pashupatinath Temple, Patan Dhoka, Bhaktapur Durbar Square, Boudhanath Stupa, Bouddhanath Temple, Swyambhu Nath Stupa, Changu Narayan Temple, Kumari Chowk, Hanuman Dhoka, and others.
There are different types of food items available in Kathmandu. Rice is the staple diet of Nepalese people. Other foods include vegetables, meat, fish, milk products, eggs, and fruits.
Nepal is a landlocked country. It shares borders with India, China, Tibet, and Bangladesh. The Himalayas separate Nepal from India. The highest mountain peak in Nepal is Mt. Everest at 8,848 m.
Family Holidays in Kathmandu Tour Package Detailed Plan
Duration : 08 Nights / 09 Days
Places Covered: Delhi - Kathmandu - Pokhara - Chitwan - Kathmandu - Delhi
AskMobile.in ensures planning an unforgettable holiday in Kathmandu, the national capital city of Nepal. The largest metropolitan city of Nepal, Kathmandu is the urban core of Kathmandu Valley in the majestic Himalayas. There are two adjacent cities to Kathmandu namely Patan and Bhaktapur. Patan is an ancient city noted for fine arts and crafts. Bhaktapur is noted for its religious significance.
Holidays in Kathmandu provide vacationers with a wonderful opportunity to experience the rich culture and traditions of the country. The city attracts a large number of culture vultures and adventure enthusiasts as well. Snow-capped mountain peaks of the Himalayas and Kashmir valley surrounded by lush green agricultural hills will never fall to lure you on your h holidays in Kathmandu.
On your holidays in Kathmandu, you will have the opportunity to explore attractions like Durbar Square, Swayambhunath Stupa, Royal Chitwan National Park, Pashupati Nath Temple, Boudhnath Temple, Changu Narayan Temple, Gorakhnath Caves, etc. Accommodation facilities are excellent. Tourist attractions are in abundance. The ambience is right. In short, Kathmandu can be just the right destination for your family holidays in Nepal.
Day 01: Arrival in Delhi
On arrival at Delhi Airport, Holidays 4 India representative will receive you with a warm welcome and transfer you to your hotel where dinner and overnight stay will be provided.
Day 02: Delhi - Kathmandu
After breakfast at the hotel, you will be transferred to Delhi Airport to board a flight for Kathmandu - the capital city of Nepal. On arrival in Kathmandu, you will be met by a package representative who will transfer you to your hotel. You can also avail of services of airport transfers, sightseeing tours, restaurant reservations, laundry service, internet access, car rental etc.
Day 03: Kathmandu
After breakfast at the hotel, go on sightseeing tours of Kathmandu. Visit famous tourist places like Swayambhunath, Boudhnath and Pashupatinath Temple. Dinner and overnight stay, sleep at the hotel.
Day 04: Kathmandu - Pokhara
After breakfast at the hotel, drive to Pokhara. On arrival, check-in at the hotel. Enjoy the scenic beauty of Pokhara. In the evening enjoy a boat cruise at Phewa Lake. Dinner and overnight stay, sleep at the hotel.
Day 05: Pokhara
After breakfast at the hotel, go for sightseeing tours of Pokhara. Major attractions are Pokhara Valley, Mahindra Caves, Devi's fall and Phewa Lake. Dinner and overnight stay, sleep at the hotel.
Day 06: Pokhara - Chitwan
Have a very hearty breakfast at the hotel. After breakfast leave for Chitwan National Park. On arrival, check in at Jungle Resort. Freshen up and relax at the hotel. The resort provides accommodation in a tented camp as well as lodges. Dinner and overnight stay, sleep at the hotel.
Day 07: Royal Chitwan National Park
In the early morning, enjoy a jeep safari or elephant safari for wildlife viewing inside the forest of Royal Chitwan National Park. In the evening enjoy the slide show and Tharu Dance at the resort. Dinner and overnight stay, sleep at the hotel.
Day 08: Chitwan - Kathmandu
Have a very hearty breakfast at the hotel. Drive to Kathmandu from Chitwan. Check-in at your pre-booked hotel, after arrival in Kathmandu. Dinner and overnight stay, sleep at the hotel.
Day 09: Kathmandu - Delhi - Onward
Take your breakfast at the hotel. Enjoy some shopping. In time you will be transferred to Kathmandu Airport from where you will board the train for Delhi or your onward / home destination. Return to your home with sweet memories of family holidays in Kathmandu in Nepal.
Things to Remember before Visiting Nepal's Kathmandu City.
- Nepal is located at 26°N latitude and 80°E longitude. Kathmandu is situated at 29°N latitude and 81°E longitude. There are two airports in Nepal; Tribhuvan International Airport (TIA) and Biratnagar Airport. Both have regular flights to major cities across India, China, Europe, the USA, Australia, New Zealand, and South Africa. TIA is the busiest airport in Nepal and handles domestic and international flights. Biratnagar Airport is mainly used for private planes and small aircraft.
- A visa is not required for tourists visiting Nepal for less than 30 days. However, if you wish to stay longer than 30 days then you need to get a tourist visa before travelling to Nepal. If you wish to visit Nepal for business purposes then you need to apply for a Business Visa.
- You should carry sufficient cash with you while travelling to Nepal. Most places, Stores in Kathmandu do not accept credit cards.
- Do not bring any kind of electronic devices from home. These items can cause problems in Nepal.
- Carry only what you require. Avoid bringing excess baggage.
- Always check the weather forecast before travelling to Nepal.
- Keep a photocopy of your passport with you at all times.
- If you are planning to visit some religious sites in Nepal, ensure that you dress appropriately.
- Ensure that you keep your luggage closed and locked.
- Do not take any unnecessary risks while travelling to Nepal.
- Do not drink alcohol while travelling to Nepal. Alcohol consumption may lead to serious medical complications.
- Avoid using public transportation while travelling to Nepal. Use only taxis or hire cars for transportation.
- Try to avoid smoking cigarettes while travelling to Nepal. Smoking causes respiratory problems.
- Try to avoid consuming food outside restaurants. Food poisoning is quite common in Nepal.
Is Kathmandu safe for tourists? Is it safe to travel to Kathmandu?
Kathmandu is a city located in Nepal and is known as the capital of Nepal. It is also a popular tourist destination due to its historical sites, Buddhist temples, Hindu temples, and ancient monuments. However, many people have been defeated and injured in recent years due to violent crimes. Kathmandu was named the safest major city in the world back in 2012. But, after the earthquake in 2015, the city became unsafe again. Many tourists were robbed, and other crimes also happened.
To ensure safety while travelling to Kathmandu, here are some tips to keep in mind:
1. Don't walk alone at night
It's not advisable to go out alone at night. Even if you're staying in a hotel, don't leave your room without having someone else stay behind with you. If you do decide to venture out alone, make sure to take a taxi or use public transportation late at night.
2. Stay vigilant
If you are planning on visiting Kathmandu, make sure to stay aware of your surroundings. Be alert and aware of your surroundings. Keep your phone nearby and call a local police officer if you feel uncomfortable about anything happening around you.
3. Avoid dark alleys
When walking down dark alleyways, try to stick to well-lit streets. Also, avoid walking alone at night. There are plenty of places where you can find help if you need it.
4. Use your instincts
If something feels off, trust your gut. If you feel uneasy or scared, then chances are that something bad is about to happen. Take action immediately to escape danger.
5. Be cautious of pickpockets
Pickpocketing is a big problem in Kathmandu. Make sure to carry only cash with you, and never put valuables in sight. If you notice someone trying to steal your bag or wallet, shout and run away. If you think they're following you, turn around and confront them.
6. Know how to defend yourself
If you ever encounter a situation where you feel threatened, know how to protect yourself. Carry pepper spray or mace, and learn how to throw punches and kicks. Learn how to fight dirty and always remember to look before you leap!
Interesting Facts About Kathmandu - Full Knowledge
- Kathmandu is Nepal's capital city and largest metropolitan area. It is located at the base of the Himalayas and is known for its rich history, culture, architecture, and spirituality. Kathmandu is home to many temples, monasteries, shrines, museums, and art galleries. There are over 100 different religious sites to visit in Kathmandu alone.
- The Kathmandu Valley is the second largest valley in Asia after the Grand Canyon. It is surrounded by mountains and hills and is home to over 10 million people. The valley is filled with lush green forests, terraced rice fields, and small villages.
- The Kathmandu River runs through the heart of the valley and is home to many species of fish and waterfowl. The river is famous for its rafting trips and whitewater kayaking.
- The Boudhanath Stupa is a Buddhist temple and monastery that was built in the 6th century. It is the oldest standing stupa in the world.
- Pashupatinath Temple is dedicated to Lord Shiva and is the most sacred Hindu temple site in Nepal. It is the place where Hindus believe Shiva took his third step.
- Swayambhunath Stupa is the most popular Buddhist shrine in Kathmandu. It is believed to have been built around AD 600.
- Bouddhanath is the name of a neighbourhood in Kathmandu. In the past, this was a separate village, but today it is just a part of Kathmandu.
- Durbar Square (also called Patan) is the central square in Kathmandu. Here you'll find some of the most important monuments in Kathmandu including the Kumari Temple, Bhaktapur Durbar Square, and Swayambhu Nath Temple.
- Changu Narayan Temple is one of the holiest Hindu temples in the Kathmandu Valley. It is dedicated to Lord Vishnu's incarnation as Changu Narayan.
- Thamel is a tourist hub in Kathmandu. Many travellers head here to shop for cheap clothes, jewellery, electronics, and household goods.
- The Bagmati River flows through the centre of Kathmandu and provides drinking water to the residents.
- The Kathmandu Airport is the only airport serving the Kathmandu Valley and receives international flights.
- The Kathmandu International Mountain Resort is a ski resort in Kathmandu.
- Kathmandu is known as the Living Goddess City due to the number of temples dedicated to the goddess.
- Kathmandu (काठम्डू) is Located at the bottom of the Bagmati River Valley, Kathmandu lies at an elevation of about 1,330 m (4400 ft). Kathmandu is located in the northern region of Nepal, east of the Himalayas. Kathmandu was founded in the 8th century BC and became the capital of the Kingdom of Nepal under King Mahendra Malla in 1468 AD. The name Kathmandu means 'the end of the world in Sanskrit.
- Nepal is a landlocked country surrounded by India to the south, China to the northeast, Bhutan to the west, Bangladesh to the southwest, and Tibet Autonomous Region of the People's Republic of China to the northeast. Its total area is 147,879 square kilometres (56,943 sq mi), making it the world's 85th-largest nation. Kathmandu is the capital and largest city; however, there are many other cities and towns throughout the country.
- Kathmandu is known as the 'City of Living Gods', where Hindu deities are believed to reside. There are over 1000 temples in Kathmandu alone, including Kumari Hathek, the temple of the goddess Kumari. The Kumari is the only living Goddess in Nepal. She is considered to be divine and lives in the womb of her parents, who are both incarnations of Vishnu. Her birth is celebrated annually in January/February.
- The earliest inhabitants of Kathmandu were the Newars, followed by immigrants from Tibet, Bengal, Odisha, Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, Sindh, Afghanistan, Kashmir, and Ladakh. The Nepali people are ethnically diverse, consisting of Indo-Aryan speakers, Dravidian speakers, Mongoloid peoples, Austroasiatic speakers, Tibeto-Burman speakers, and Muslim communities. At the time of the 2011 census, the population of Kathmandu was estimated to be approximately 2 million.
- The first historical reference to Kathmandu dates back to the year 850 CE when it was mentioned in the book Lalitavistara. In 1025, the Chinese traveller Hsuan Tsang visited the city and described it as a prosperous trading centre. He noted that the residents worshipped numerous Hindu gods and had a great knowledge of medicine and astrology. By the 13th century, Kathmandu was ruled by the Shah dynasty. In 1527, Babur, the Mughal emperor, passed through the valley on his way to conquer the Indian subcontinent. After conquering the valley, he established a garrison there. In 1616, the Gorkha king Prithvi Narayan Shah conquered the valley and renamed it Gorkha. In 1769, the valley came under British rule. In 1950, after gaining independence, Nepal adopted its current constitution.
- The Kathmandu Valley is home to many ancient monuments, monasteries, and palaces. The UNESCO World Heritage Sites include Pashupatinath Temple, Swayambhunath Stupa, Boudhanath Stupa, Patan Durbar Square, Changu Narayan Temple, Bouddhanath Stupa and Swyambhu Nath Temple. Other sites include Thamel, Bhaktapur, Banepa, Nagarkot, Lumbini, Kirtipur, Bhimdatta, Bhadrakali Mandir, Jwala Mahadev, Hanuman Dhoka Palace, Ratna Park, Rani Pokhari, and Patan Museum.
- Kathmandu is well connected to major cities in the region and around the world via air, road, rail, and river routes. International flights connect Kathmandu to Delhi, Mumbai, Bangkok, Kuala Lumpur, Singapore, Seoul, Hong Kong, Osaka, Taipei, Beijing, Shanghai, Tokyo, and Guam. Domestic flights connect Kathmandu with Biratnagar, Birgunj, Janakpur, Lalitpur, Pokhara, and Tribhuvan International Airport. Road links connect Kathmandu to India, China, Pakistan, Thailand, Malaysia, Australia, and Europe. Railways link Kathmandu to India and China.
- Kathmandu is a popular tourist destination due to its rich history, culture, festivals, and natural beauty. Kathmandu city attracts tourists from across the globe. Many travellers visit the city for spiritual enlightenment and to experience the colourful Tibetan Buddhist culture. Others travel to Kathmandu for adventure activities like rafting, paragliding, trekking, mountain biking, hiking, skiing, climbing, and motorcycling.
- The climate of Kathmandu varies according to altitude. Temperatures decrease with increasing altitude. Summer temperatures range between 25°C and 35°C, while winter temperatures fall between 5°C and 20°C. Rainfall is heaviest in April and May.
- Kathmandu is divided into two parts: Kathmandu District and Lalitpur District. Kathmandu District consists of nine municipalities: Kathmandu, Bhaktapur City, Bhaktapur District, Bhavanisagar, Chobhar, Dolakha, Kalanki, Kapilvastu, and Syangja. Lalitpur District consists of four municipalities: Lalitpur, Bhrikuti, Bhairahawa, and Siddarthapur.
- Nepal's official language is Nepali, which belongs to the South Asian branch of the Indo-European languages. Hindi and English are widely spoken as well. The majority of the population follows Hinduism, Buddhism, Islam, Christianity, or folk religions.
- The national flag of Nepal is composed of a golden lotus flower on a red background. The lotus flower represents purity and eternal life. The colour red symbolises courage and sacrifice, while gold stands for wealth and prosperity. The lotus flower is based on the royal emblem of the Shah Dynasty.
- The national anthem of Nepal is "Janaiya Mane Raajana", meaning "Victorious Motherland". Written by Madhesh Chandra Shrestha, it was adopted in 1951.
- The currency of Nepal is the Nepalese rupee (NPR), issued by the Central Bank of Nepal. NPR coins have been produced since 1967, with banknotes being introduced in 1969. The exchange rate is fixed at NPR 100 US$1.
- Katamandava means “city of lotus” and Nawa means “water”. Katamandava refers to the sacred lotus flower and Nawa means water. The sacred lotus is the national symbol of Nepal.
- Nepal was once called Kailash-Manasarovar (KM) after the mythical Mount Kailash and Lake Manasarovar. In ancient times, the region was inhabited by many tribes including the Gurung, Newa, Thakali, Limbu, Rai, Chhetri, Brahmin, and others. All these people speak Nepali dialects.
- In the 15th century, King Prithvi Narayan Shah unified Nepal and established his rule over the entire country. He declared himself king of Nepal and changed the name of the kingdom to Gorkha.
- Kathmandu Valley lies in the centre of Nepal. Kathmandu City is bordered by mountains on three sides. The valley is surrounded by hills on four sides. The valley is approximately 20 km long and 10 km wide. Its altitude varies between 1,500 meters above sea level to 2,000 meters above sea level.
- The Kathmandu Valley is home to many historical monuments and cultural attractions. These include Pashupatinath Temple, Boudhanath Stupa, Swayambhunath Stupa, Bhimsen Tower, Patan Durbar Square, Bouddhanath Stupa and Kumari Bahini College.
- There are several festivals celebrated throughout the year in Kathmandu. The most prominent festival is Dashain, which falls in September/October. Other important festivals include Buddha Jayanti, Tihar, Durga Puja, Janai Purnima, Ganesh Puja, Ram Navami, Shiv Ratri, Holi, Raksha Bandhan, Deepawali, Christmas and Eid al Fitr.
- Kathmandua is the capital of Nepal and is the largest metropolitan area in the country. It is located at a distance of around 100 kilometres from the border of India. The population of Kathmandu is estimated to be around 4 million.
- The city is divided into different wards. The major ones are Kantipur, Lalitpur, Thamel, Bhrikuti Mandap, Banepa, Dhulikhel, Patan, Achham, Makwanpur, Kalanki, Khairigram, Sundarijal, Bhadrapur, Rautahat, Bhaktapur, Basantapur, Bhaktapur Rural, Bhaktapur Urban, Bhaktapur Municipality, Bhaktapur Cantonment, Bhaktapur District, Bhaktapur Sub-metropolitan City, Bhaktapur Metropolitan City, Bhaktapuri Urban Development Authority, Kathmandu Metropolitan City, Kathmandu Metropolitan Police.
- Kathmandurao is a popular dish prepared using rice flour and vegetables. It is cooked in a spicy tomato gravy and has a unique taste. It is considered to be a traditional food of Kathmandu.
- Kathmandur is a famous brand of bottled mineral water produced by the Water Corporation of Nepal Limited. It is a soft drink manufactured from natural spring water. It is sold in bottles across the nation.
- Kathmanduras are small round balls of fried dough, which are eaten with tea or coffee. They are traditionally made from wheat flour, but they can also be made from cornmeal or potato flour.
- Kathmandures are a type of sweet dessert made from milk, sugar, and ghee. They are generally served with ice cream or fruit.
- Kathmandure is a traditional Nepalese snack. It consists of deep-fried chickpea fritters coated with sesame seeds and sprinkled with salt.
|Swayambhunath stupa Kathmandu | credit - unsplash.com|
The city is home to many temples, monasteries, and shrines. There are many reasons Kathmandu is so famous.
1. Its location
Nepal lies between India and China and borders Tibet. Kathmandu is situated on the banks of the Bagmati River, which flows through the centre of the country. The river is full of fish and provides water for irrigation throughout the region.
2. The culture
The culture of Kathmandu is unique and rich. The people of Kathmandu have their language, art forms, music, dance, and traditions. In addition to the traditional holidays, there are also many celebrations and festivals throughout each year. People wear traditional clothes and visit each other in their colourful palanquins (traditional sedan chairs).
3. The food
People eat a variety of delicious foods while they're visiting Kathmandu. One of the most popular dishes is Dhal Bhat, which is a spicy lentil dish. Another popular food is momos, which are small steamed meat pies. A sweet treat is durian fruit, which has a pungent smell.
4. The climate
Kathmandu experiences a tropical climate. The temperature ranges from 25°C to 35°C. Most parts of Kathmandu are covered by thick vegetation and trees.
5. The architecture
There are many ancient buildings in Kathmandu. Many of them were built before the time of Christ. These old structures are examples of great architectural beauty.
6. The religion
Kathmandu follows Hinduism, Buddhism, and Islam. Hindus believe in reincarnation and worship Shiva and Vishnu. Buddhists follow the teachings of Buddha. Muslims pray five times a day.